1001 books, Arthur Golden, Author, Book review, Fiction, historical fiction, Japan, Publisher, Setting, Vintage

‘Memoirs of a Geisha’ by Arthur Golden


Fiction – paperback; Vintage; 497 pages; 2005.

Remember that project I set myself at the start of the year, the one in which I read at least a dozen books from my TBR that are listed in Peter Boxall’s 1001 Books You Must Read Before You DieWell, this is book four (I’m woefully behind) — and what a mixed bag it turned out to be.

Arthur Golden’s Memoirs of a Geisha seems to be one of those novels that everyone has read. It has even been turned into a Hollywood film. For some inexplicable reason, both have passed me by.

Written as a fictional memoir (including a fictional “translator’s note” at the beginning), the book tells the extraordinary story of one woman’s life as a geisha.

Sold into slavery

Chiyo, a pretty grey-eyed child, is born into an impoverished fishing family living in a village on the coast of the Sea of Japan. But as her mother lies dying, her aged father sells nine-year-old Chiyo and her older sister to a man with connections to the top geisha houses in the Gion district of Tokyo.

The sisters are separated, and Chiyo — now renamed Sayuri — must learn to adjust to a new, often cruel, way of life as a young slave in a geisha house.

The book follows her education and “apprenticeship”, describes the auctioning of her virginity and her subsequent rise as one of  Japan’s most celebrated geishas.

Japanese history

Sayuri’s story spans 25 years — from 1929 to a few years after the end of the Second World War — and provides a fascinating glimpse, not only of the secret world of the geisha but of Japan’s history during that era.

Boxall describes it as an important book for its “glimpses into a way of life that has all but disappeared”.

Memoirs of a Geisha shows the reader how these women were exploited and degraded, but it shies away from going into too much sordid detail. It also shows how these women complied with a version of womanhood that many men expected — they were to be pretty, enchanting, entertaining and erotic, but they were not to be independent or to live lives of their own. But by the same token, successful geisha were looked after and enjoyed a comfortable existence.

An engaging voice

I initially fell in love with this book. I enjoyed learning about the rules and rituals of life as an apprentice geisha and was mesmerised by the narrator’s engaging voice. It is a testament to Golden’s skill as an author that he is able to pull off such an authentic female voice — and to do it with so much empathy and without casting judgement or aspersions.

But as the story wore on I began to tire of its repetitive nature. While Golden provides some narrative tension in the form of petty rivalries between certain geisha — the geisha world is highly competitive — there’s only so much squabbling, trickery and cruel gamesmanship I can take. Dare I confess that almost 500 pages of it is far too much?

Perhaps because I had already read a real memoir of a geisha’s life — Sayo Masuda’s Autobiography of a Geisha — it felt like I’d read this story before. But on the whole, this is an intimate account of a secretive way of life. Not only does it hone in on historical and cultural truths, but it is also an epic human story about surviving against the odds.

‘Memoirs of a Geisha’ by Arthur Golden, first published in 1997, is listed in Peter Boxall’s 1001 Books You Must Read Before You Die, where it is described as providing “a disturbing view of the place of women in Japanese society and culture”.

7 thoughts on “‘Memoirs of a Geisha’ by Arthur Golden”

  1. I’ve read this twice, once on my own and once for a book club (it had been years since the first time), and I agree with your review completely. The voice is compelling and the history is interesting, but the pacing suffers a bit.


  2. Thanks, Priscilla. The book is very readable because of the voice and the history, but the story does drag. I’m not sure how Golden could have improved it, other than to have chopped about 200 pages. Or to have perhaps tied up the loose ends with the sister, but then I suppose that would have meant writing a different book entirely.


  3. I read this book when it first came out (someone thought it was a good idea because I was studying Japanese at school) and loved it. I read Sayo Masuda’s book recently and I think the big gap helped me to forget the similarities. Definitely a better book than movie though!


  4. I’ve had a few people tell me the movie wasn’t good, so I won’t be in a rush to try to find a DVD to rent!
    I had a big gap between reading Golden’s book and Sayo Masuda’ book, but I know which one I preferred. I did enjoy “Memoirs of a Geisha” but I don’t think it was a perfect novel. Still, if you’ve never read anything about geishas before I can imagine it’s an ideal introduction.


  5. I read this years ago but seem to remember I delighted in the repetition of what is, essentially, such a fascinating world and history. Maybe I’m just a petty rivalry kinda girl!…
    Thanks for the mention of Sayo Masuda’s work. I’ll definitely be checking it out


  6. Hope you get to read Sayo Masuda’s memoir… I found it an eye-opening read, but then I didn’t know much about the world of the geisha, which is probably why so many people love Arthur Golden’s novel — it lets them in on a secret world they know little, if anything, about.


  7. I did not love the film but I thought it was a reasonable introduction to Japanese culture and the concept of Geisha’s. I much rather preferred the film In The Realm of the Senses but I understand that might not be to everyone’s taste. Now that film was wild.

    This is a film geared more towards the feminine viewpoint and can easily be enjoyed as a date film. It is not particularly fast paced and a break or two during the film for a quick sushi and sake can actually add to the whole experience.

    Given how I found the pace of the movie to be eyebrow raising, I am surprised people managed to enjoy the book. The book cannot even be enjoyed as a date night movie since it is but a book.


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